Vertederos Legales En Santiagoadmin
We will lead a comprehensive fight against the garbage mafia and turn illegal landfills into parks for pic.twitter.com/btQpKR7Khe There are six municipalities in Santiago with more than 60% of illegal landfills in the region. Marcel Szanto, a researcher on waste at the Catholic University of Valparaso, points out ± that most landfills are created by the accumulation of building materials. According to the ministry, it accounts for 80% of the waste that goes to these sites, in addition to 15% of furniture and tires. 65% of the area covered by landfills is concentrated in the southern and western sectors of the capital and corresponds to seven municipalities: Buin, Lampa, La Pintana, Puente Alto, Pudahuel, Quilicura and San Bernardo. To date, authorities have managed to identify 73 illegal landfills in the metropolitan area, equivalent to 400 hectares and about 600 microlandfills. Read also: Lampa and Pudahuel concentrate a quarter of illegal landfills in the region It turns out that in Chile, the panorama in terms of landfills is not small, whether regulated or outlawed. According to the latest environmental performance assessment carried out by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in July 2016, our country is the second of the 34 members of the international organization that sends the most waste to these storage sites, surpassed only by Turkey. In Santiago, there are 65 unauthorized landfills and 700 micro-landfills with a total of 400.9 hectares of waste. Riverbanks, highways and wastelands near cities are where Santiago`s largest illegal dumps are concentrated. It is about 400 hectares of the city where debris, furniture, equipment and also©technical chemicals are thrown away by companies or individuals who decide not to pay the price of disposing of a©landfill that meets environmental standards. In Lampa`s case, Mayor Graciela Ortúzar says there are many properties where illegal supplies have been created, so she has formed a team to monitor the vehicles that dump these materials, which transport about 300 tons of waste to these sites each month.
If they are discovered, the municipality transports the cargo to a legal landfill. “The biological and chemical substances and processes that occur in landfills affect air, soil and groundwater,” Seremi said, noting that the presence of dead mice or animals in these waste sources increases the risk of developing intestinal diseases that affect the digestive system. In this way, the amount of waste and scrap metal produced can be reduced from the root, which in many cases accumulates and accumulates chaotically in illegal landfills or structured in landfills. The risk posed by these landfills to the health of residents in the vicinity of the landfills and to the environment led the authorities to decide to close them. In addition, in large illegal landfills, there are 43 that pose a real risk to people`s health, as they receive all kinds of waste and can contaminate the water consumed by the population, La Tercera said at the time. In accordance with Law 20.879, fines ranging from 0.2 to 150 UTM are withdrawn from circulation, as well as the withdrawal of vehicles that carry out the transport or dumping of waste in clandestine landfills. As for the type of waste landfilled, household waste accounts for 80%, 15% comes from waste such as furniture and tyres, and the rest consists of waste classified as hazardous and belonging to various sectors: drums, oils and chemical waste. Carlos Aranda, Health Seremi of the metropolitan area, highlighted the problems posed by residents of communities near landfills with this amount of waste and the impact on the environment. Santiago has 400 hectares illegally used as landfills and more than 700 micro-landfills, according to a city government measure. Secret dumps are considered to be strong sources of infection and contamination. For this reason, according to Seremi, every year the environment is concerned with improving measures to combat it. Macarena Guajardo`s interest in this topic was born years ago.
During his master`s degree in self-sufficient architecture in Germany, the architect became aware of the current situation of mega-landfills worldwide. After arriving in Chile in 2015, he founded the Basura Foundation, through which he seeks to eliminate microlandfills and illegal landfills through citizen participation strategies. “Garbage is all we sweep under the rug. What we don`t want anyone to see, and can be sent to two places: illegal dumps or landfills,” Macarena Guajardo, director of the Basura Foundation, told Voces de la Gran Ciudad. While landfill is the legal option, that doesn`t mean it`s ideal,” he adds. According to the registry, Quilicura and Buin concentrate the largest area of landfills. In the first case, it reaches 66.5 hectares, while Buin has 56 hectares of landfills. It was also©found that there are 600 micro-landfills with an area of less than one hectare where neighbours or producers accumulate waste without collection. One of the most serious cases is the environment of the Eliodoro Matte School in San Bernardo, where its students have to live with waste such as tires, debris and even slaughtered animals. In turn, the Seremi of the Environment, Guido Manríquez, said that landfills and landfills are capable of polluting the air, groundwater and the subsoil. Similarly, municipalities will be responsible for sending waste from improperly used premises to approved landfills.
For this reason, the Director`s plan identified 31 illegal landfills that are very complex and are already being complained of and pose a risk to the health of surrounding communities and impacts on ecosystems and river banks. Buin Mayor Miguel Araya says there is a “mafia” working on the landfills, which are located in a 33-kilometer section of the Maipo River that corresponds to the municipality. “This case does not stop. There are those who pay third parties to take the garbage because they want to save on the cost of visiting legal websites. All of this causes sources of contamination,” he says. He also explained that fines exist and are “quite high, for example, in the municipality of Buin, which is the pioneer municipality in controlling illegal landfills, seized more than 100 trucks, more than $200 million in fines and what they have done very well is this coordination between the municipality and the carabinieri.” Steward @Orrego seremi @GuidoManriquez @SeremiSaludRM @CCerrillos1 reg. Announce a plan to resupply illegal landfills pic.twitter.com/vFU67yOgIS How to prevent landfills and landfills from becoming sustainable? This data was used for a new comprehensive plan to close landfills in the metropolitan area, announced by the municipality on Saturday, which includes the conversion of 11 landfills identified as priorities for closure into new public spaces and urban parks by 2018. To a lesser extent, Cerrillos, Curacaví, La Pintana, Peñaflor, Cerro Navia, Colina, Renca, Quinta Normal, Talagante, Puente Alto, Padre Hurtado, San Bernardo, Santiago, Lampa, Alhué, El Monte and Paine continue; usually all with less than four discharges. The other municipalities are outside the VIRS register. Tuesday, February 2, 2021.- A total of 1,444.08 hectares, representing 101% of the area of the municipality of Providencia. This is the area covered by illegal landfills in Chile, according to data from the National Diagnosis of Illegal Landfills, conducted by the professor of the School of Civil Construction of the Catholic University (UC), Felipe Ossio, and the graduate of the same academic unit, Javier Faúndez.
It looks at the life cycle of materials, including the use of construction and demolition waste, which in some cases end up in illegal landfills such as micro-landfills or illegal landfills. From this discovery, the researchers realized that there was no clarity on how many of these sites existed on the territory of the state. This motivated them to carry out this diagnosis in 345 municipalities of Chile and to discover 3,735 illegal landfills in different regions and municipalities of our country, which in many cases do not come from construction and demolition waste, revealing a serious problem at the national level. Thanks to the information gathered by Ossio and Faúndez, municipalities and state institutions can take action against these landfills, which today affect the local flora and fauna uncontrollably, as Professor Ossio explains.